If you don’t know, spaying your dog too early can cause serious complications
Many puppy owners are unaware of the serious complications of spaying a puppy. Spaying your puppy is a time-sensitive procedure. You want to make sure that the time you choose does not harm your puppy. The procedure can cause more harm than good if done too late.
Dog owners may also want to consider other factors outside of when to spay. Other factors that complicate spaying a puppy include the size of the animal. In some cases, the breed or the purpose of the breed may also complicate spaying.
Whatever the reasons for spaying your puppy, below are some of the complications associated with the procedure.
Cancer Related Risks
One of the key benefits of spaying at the right time is that it may decrease the prevalence of mammary cancer in certain breeds. This is especially true when dog owners spay there puppy after it has has matured. Puppies mature at different ages depending on the breed. For example, small breed dogs mature in about a year and a half, while large breed dogs mature in 2 to 3 years.
While spaying at the right time works to avert one form of cancer, if done too early it predisposes your puppy to another form of cancer. Hemangiosarcoma is a cancer that occurs almost exclusively in dogs. Interestingly, the cancer is more prevalent in spayed dogs than their intact counterparts. Dogs who are spayed too early are nine times more likely to suffer from this form of cancer compared to the intact dogs. That is, spayed dogs are four times more likely to suffer lymphoma than the intact ones
Behavioral Related Risks
Surgery whether in humans or animals can be a rather traumatic experience. The surgery is especially traumatic when done at a young age.Owners mostly see the trauma in their female puppies. For example, traumatized puppies tend to always hover closely to their owners after a spaying procedure. This phenomenon often shows itself as separation anxiety. The trauma also causes behavioral changes fall on the other end of the spectrum. In this instance, the trauma of spaying too early causes your dog to be overly hyper or aggressive post surgery.
Bone and Joint Related Risks
Bone and joint deformities are some of the most common risks associated with spaying. While spaying too early is not the only factor contributing to the deformities, the procedure increases the chances of puppies suffering from bone development and joint-related complications. However, there are two health problems that have been associated with spaying too early – hip dysplasia and cranial cruciate ligament tears (CCL). The former results affects the mobility of animals. Hip dysplasia is also made worse by the excessive weight gain also associated with spaying. While hip dysplasia is common for animals spayed at six months old or younger, the CCL is common in animals spayed at twelve months or younger. It is the uninhibited growth of the tibia which causes a strain to the cranial cruciate ligaments resulting in CCL tears.
Urinary incontinence is another complication of spaying a puppy to be aware of. Urinary incontinence occurs when the dog has an involuntary release of urine called a leaky bladder. Spaying reduces the estrogen levels in spayed dogs which interference of the bladder’s sphincter muscles. Spayed puppies are also predisposed to infections, hernias, dehydration, depression, constipation, and bleeding as a result of loose sutures. It is important to constantly monitor your puppy post spaying for any changes that may be detrimental to its health.
Additional Information on Delaying Spaying for the Health of Your Dog and the Pet Anti-Breeding System:
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Also published on Medium.